Industrial Biotechnology

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About this course: Fossil fuels have been the primary energy source for society since the Industrial Revolution. They provide the raw material for the manufacture of many everyday products that we take for granted, including pharmaceuticals, food and drink, materials, plastics and personal care. As the 21st century progresses we need solutions for the manufacture of chemicals that are smarter, more predictable and more sustainable. Industrial biotechnology is changing how we manufacture chemicals and materials, as well as providing us with a source of renewable energy. It is at the core of sustainable manufacturing processes and an attractive alternative to traditional manufacturing tec…

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Didn't find what you were looking for? See also: Renewable Energy, Biotechnology, M&A (Mergers & Acquisitions), Sustainable Management, and Power Systems.

When you enroll for courses through Coursera you get to choose for a paid plan or for a free plan

  • Free plan: No certicification and/or audit only. You will have access to all course materials except graded items.
  • Paid plan: Commit to earning a Certificate—it's a trusted, shareable way to showcase your new skills.

About this course: Fossil fuels have been the primary energy source for society since the Industrial Revolution. They provide the raw material for the manufacture of many everyday products that we take for granted, including pharmaceuticals, food and drink, materials, plastics and personal care. As the 21st century progresses we need solutions for the manufacture of chemicals that are smarter, more predictable and more sustainable. Industrial biotechnology is changing how we manufacture chemicals and materials, as well as providing us with a source of renewable energy. It is at the core of sustainable manufacturing processes and an attractive alternative to traditional manufacturing technologies to commercially advance and transform priority industrial sectors yielding more and more viable solutions for our environment in the form of new chemicals, new materials and bioenergy. This course will cover the key enabling technologies that underpin biotechnology research including enzyme discovery and engineering, systems and synthetic biology and biochemical and process engineering. Much of this material will be delivered through lectures to ensure that you have a solid foundation in these key areas. We will also consider the wider issues involved in sustainable manufacturing including responsible research innovation and bioethics. In the second part of the course we will look at how these technologies translate into real world applications which benefit society and impact our everyday lives. This will include input from our industry stakeholders and collaborators working in the pharmaceutical, chemicals and biofuels industries. By the end of this course you will be able to: 1. Understand enzymatic function and catalysis. 2. Explain the technologies and methodologies underpinning systems and synthetic biology. 3. Explain the diversity of synthetic biology application and discuss the different ethical and regulatory/governance challenges involved in this research. 4. Understand the principles and role of bioprocessing and biochemical engineering in industrial biotechnology. 5. Have an informed discussion of the key enabling technologies underpinning research in industrial biotechnology 6. Give examples of industrial biotechnology products and processes and their application in healthcare, agriculture, fine chemicals, energy and the environment.

Created by:  University of Manchester
  • Taught by:  Prof. Nicholas Turner, Deputy Director

    Manchester Institute of Biotechnology
  • Taught by:  Prof. Nigel Scrutton, Director

    Manchester Institute of Biotechnology
Level Beginner Language English How To Pass Pass all graded assignments to complete the course. User Ratings 4.4 stars Average User Rating 4.4See what learners said Trabajo del curso

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University of Manchester Tracing its roots back to 1824, the University of Manchester is home to almost 40,000 students. The University has three Nobel laureates among its current staff – more than any other British university - and a total of 25 Nobel laureates have come from our past and present students and staff. We have three main goals: to undertake world-class research; to deliver an outstanding learning and student experience; and to be socially responsible.

Syllabus


WEEK 1


Enzymes, Enzyme Discovery and Engineering



Enzyme catalysts are central to life. They are the vehicles for delivering innovative bioscience solutions to chemicals manufacture, drug discovery, therapeutics and bioprocessing. They are the key enablers in the white biotechnology revolution, providing essential components in the new science of 'synthetic biology', offering new routes to biofuels, bulk and commodity chemicals and novel therapeutics.


8 videos, 2 readings expand


  1. Leyendo: Pre Course Survey and Course Credits
  2. Video: Welcome to Industrial Biotechnology
  3. Video: Introduction from Nigel Scrutton
  4. Video: Overview and introduction
  5. Video: How do enzymes work?
  6. Video: How do we discover enzymes for application in biotechnology?
  7. Video: How can we study and characterise the catalytic activity of enzymes?
  8. Video: Engineering Enzymes I: Directed Evolution
  9. Video: Engineering Enzymes II: Rational Design of Biocatalysts
  10. Leyendo: Glossary

Graded: Enzymes, Enzyme Discovery and Engineering

WEEK 2


Methods in Systems and Synthetic Biology



Recent advances in our ability to read and write genome sequences on a large scale have led to an ambitious vision for a new generation of biotechnology, often referred to as Synthetic Biology. Synthetic Biology aims at turning biology into an engineering discipline, in which organism engineers use computational tools to design biological systems with novel valuable functionalities, which are then built using advanced high-throughput genetic engineering, and tested by rapid screening technologies that collect diagnostic molecular profiles to drive improved designs in an iterative design-build-test cycle. This module will introduce the engineering concepts that inform Synthetic Biology and the cutting-edge technologies that underlie our dramatically increasing ability to construct living systems with custom-made functionalities. All stages of the design-build-test cycle for novel biosystems will be discussed, with a special focus on their integration in a unified bioengineering platform. Examples will focus on the application of Synthetic Biology as an enabling technology for the bioindustry, especially for the improved microbial production of high-value chemicals and drugs. A section on responsible research and innovation will explore the transformative potential of this innovative technology within a broader socio-economic context, creating awareness of the ethical and political implications of research in this field.


9 videos, 2 readings expand


  1. Video: Introduction from Rainer Breiting
  2. Video: Introduction to Synthetic Biology: Visions for Biotechnology 2.0
  3. Video: Designing biological systems: Computational modelling and systems biology
  4. Video: Building biological systems I: Genome synthesis and genome editing
  5. Video: Controlling and engineering pathways in Synthetic Biology
  6. Video: Testing Biological Systems Biological debugging using metabolomics
  7. Video: Deploying biological systems: Perspectives on Responsible Research & Innovation and bioethics I
  8. Video: Deploying biological systems: Perspectives on Responsible Research & Innovation and bioethics II
  9. Video: Conclusions and Outlook Systems and Synthetic Biology
  10. Leyendo: Glossary
  11. Leyendo: Systems and Synthetic Biology

Graded: Methods in Systems and Synthetic Biology

WEEK 3


Biochemical and Bioprocess Engineering



Biochemical and bioprocess engineering is concerned with the design of processes which involve biological transformations to manufacture a range of bio-based chemicals, biopharmaceuticals and biofuels. Through applying knowledge of process constraints, which are usually described mathematically, biochemical engineers are able to design a series of integrated process steps or “unit operations” which together make up a bioprocess. This module will give an appreciation of the key role biochemical engineering has in translating discoveries coming from life sciences and synthetic biology, such as improved microbial platforms for product expression, into economically viable full scale production processes. Key engineering concepts and the problem solving approach required for the design of bioprocesses will be taught by a group of biochemical engineers from The University of Manchester, University College London and Technical University of Denmark.


8 videos expand


  1. Video: Introduction from James Winterburn
  2. Video: Introduction from James Lawrence and Michael Sulu
  3. Video: Introduction to Biochemical and Bioprocess Engineering
  4. Video: Microbial fermentation processes and bioreactor design
  5. Video: Biocatalysis and enzymatic processes
  6. Video: Recovery and purification of small molecules
  7. Video: Recovery and purification of large molecules
  8. Video: Process economics and scale-up

Graded: Biochemical and Bioprocess Engineering

WEEK 4


Pharmaceuticals and Fine Chemicals



This module looks at the production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals using biocatalysis. Specifically, we will look at isolated biocatalytic transformations using isolated enzymes or whole cells as catalysts to manufacture commercially important products including pharmaceuticals, industrial monomers and personal care products. This module will be delivered by Dr Andy Wells of CHEM21, Europe’s largest public-private partnership dedicated to the development of manufacturing sustainable pharmaceuticals led by The University of Manchester and the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline. Dr Wells, alongside Dr Tom Dugmore of The University of York, will look at six industrial examples of biocatalytic reactions involving six different enzyme transformations. Each example will look at the product, manufacturing route, mechanism of the enzyme reaction and some of the sustainability drivers and metrics for adopting IB as part of the manufacturing route. Over the six examples, a number of key attributes of enzyme catalysed processes that need to be considered for successful scale-up will be examined. These include choice of free enzyme or whole cell catalyst, co-factors and co-factor recycling, multi-phase reactions, enzyme stability and throughput. Each example will have a number of references to the primary literature covering the product and enzyme type for further learning outside of the module.


7 videos, 2 readings expand


  1. Video: Introduction from Nick Turner and Andy Wells
  2. Leyendo: CHEM21
  3. Video: Industrial Example 1: Hydrolases
  4. Video: Industrial Example 2: Transaminase
  5. Video: Industrial Example 3: DERA Aldolase
  6. Video: Industrial Example 4: Alcohol Dehydrogenases
  7. Video: Industrial Example 5: Nitrile Hydratases
  8. Video: Industrial Example 6: Amino Acid Oxidases
  9. Leyendo: References and Further Reading

Graded: Pharmaceuticals and Fine Chemicals

WEEK 5


Case Studies: Bioenergy and Biomaterials



Bioenergy is renewable energy extracted from biomass (organic biological material such as plants and animals, wood, waste, (hydrogen) gas, and alcohol fuels. Biomass is the fuel, bioenergy is the energy contained within that fuel. In this module we will look at biofuel production and the research and knowledge challenges associated with increasing the contribution of UK bioenergy to meet strategic environmental targets in a coherent, sustainable and cost-effective manner. In addition, we will be looking at biomaterials science and, in particular, the development of novel biomaterials and their application in a variety of industrial and medical products. Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials. As a science it is around 50 years old so we will be considering the current trends and the future of biomaterials research and biomanufacturing technologies.


7 videos, 2 readings expand


  1. Video: Introduction from David Leys
  2. Video: The challenges of sustainable bioenergy development
  3. Video: New routes to biofuel production
  4. Video: Membrane processes in industrial biotechnology
  5. Video: Enzymatic biofuel cells
  6. Video: Biomaterials: engineering cell niches hydrogels
  7. Video: Biomanufacturing
  8. Leyendo: Reading List
  9. Leyendo: Glossary

Graded: Case Studies: Bioenergy and Biomaterials

WEEK 6


Case Studies: Glycoscience and Biotherapeutics



Glycoscience is the science and technology of carbohydrates, which are the most abundant biological molecules on Earth and make up part of the biology of all living organisms. This module will introduce the fundamental concepts of glycoscience, leading onto the benefits for society and how this drives and impacts the bioeconomy. A series of case studies will be used to present some of the key challenges and glycan-based solutions in pharmaceuticals and personalised medicine, food security and biomaterials. Biopharmaceuticals are new medicines that are made biologically. “Biologically” means that the production is too complex for simple chemistry and that we currently have to direct biological materials – cells, using the spectrum of natural catalytic reactions - to make these revolutionary medicines. We will be looking at the revolution in these development medicines within a clinical, societal and economic context and the approaches used to ensure production of safe and effective biopharmaceuticals, using various types of expression systems. Students will be introduced to detailed case studies that illustrate how the principles developed in other sub-modules are put into practice in the industrial context.


8 videos expand


  1. Video: Introduction from Sabine Flitsch
  2. Video: Introduction from Alan Dickson
  3. Video: Introduction to glycoscience
  4. Video: Glycoscience: pharmaceuticals & personalised medicines
  5. Video: Glycoscience: other applications
  6. Video: Biopharmaceuticals: the clinical significance
  7. Video: Biopharmaceuticals: the technical stuff
  8. Video: Biopharmaceuticals: the industrial perspective

Graded: Glycoscience
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